Many persons who have large houses of stone or brick, now adopt the plan of heating them with hot air, which is conveyed by means of pipes into the rooms. An ornamented, circular grating admits the heated air, by opening or shutting the grates. The furnace is in the cellar, and is made large enough to allow of a considerable quantity of wood being put in at once.
A house thus heated is kept at summer heat in the coldest weather; and can be made cooler by shutting the grates in any room.
The temperature of houses heated thus is very pleasant, and certainly does not seem so unhealthy as those warmed by metal stoves, besides there being far less risk from fire.
Catherine Parr Traill, The Canadian Settler's Guide (1855), page 20, NCL edition.
1608 Champlain founds New France and its capital Québec. The Old Capital has been either the capital city of Canada or of the Province of Québec ever since, except for some of the years between 1841 and 1867 when the government of the Province of Canada roamed all over, stopping in Québec twice.
Although Newfoundland had some of the earliest European habitation in North America, St. John's came into its power gradually, so it's hard to pin a starting date on it. When the island became a Crown Colony in 1825, St. John's was where the Governor resided. There had been Commodore-Governors since 1729, but they lived on board their vessels in St. John's Harbour, or wherever they happened to be. One of them built a house in St. John's in 1781 and lived there in the summer. Let's use that date.
1793 York (later named Toronto) is chosen capital of Upper Canada.
1849 Victoria is made the capital of the Colony of Vancouver Island.
1866 Ottawa becomes the capital of the Province of Canada.
1870 Winnipeg. 1869 if you're with Riel.
1882 Regina is made capital of the North-West Territories.
The Canadian Space Agency provides this graphic of the International Space Station as it might appear if it were the broadcast gondola overhanging five newly-Zambonied hockey rinks. Canada currently employs two astronauts, neither of whom is scheduled to be on board the ISS before 2020, and we have no rockets or capsules of our own to get them there. But, look, hockey.
Wizard Barristers are experts in the legal aspects of magic. Though she works in Tokyo, and can transform into a giant robot, the world's youngest wizard barrister Cecile Sudo actually grew up on Lake Huron, where people keep maple syrup on the coffee table.
Open-Air Studio by William Blair Bruce (1859-1906). That glowing white scrim seems too modern for the rest of the picture, as if she's using some kind of nineteenth-century microfilm reader. This painting is in the collection of the Nationalmuseum in Stockholm along with some of his others, and another large donation of his canvasses became the core of the Art Gallery of Hamilton.
This piece by Gustav Hahn offers Canada personified as a mom surrounded by the then nine provinces in girl form. Presumably Newfoundland is off to one side in her rubber boots, pouting that she didn't wanted to join anyway. On view at the National Gallery of Canada.