Open-Air Studio by William Blair Bruce (1859-1906). That glowing white scrim seems too modern for the rest of the picture, as if she's using some kind of nineteenth-century microfilm reader. This painting is in the collection of the Nationalmuseum in Stockholm along with some of his others, and another large donation of his canvasses became the core of the Art Gallery of Hamilton.
This piece by Gustav Hahn offers Canada personified as a mom surrounded by the then nine provinces in girl form. Presumably Newfoundland is off to one side in her rubber boots, pouting that she didn't wanted to join anyway. On view at the National Gallery of Canada.
This winter scene by Charlotte Schreiber shows her children sledding (it's not tobogganing if there are runners) at Springfield on the Credit, the old name for modern day Erindale in Mississauga, around about 1875. The National Gallery of Canada has it.
If you want to know what was what in Canadian books in 1936, you could plow though Rhodenizer or Klinck, or you could browse A Literary Map of Canada, compiled by William Arthur Deacon and published by Macmillan of Canada.
Indian and Canadian supporters on the Dufferin Memorial, Belfast. Source.
Canada has a pretty lamentable record of treating people from South Asia as aliens. But, from the mid-18th till the mid-20th century Canada and India were parts of the same empire. We share obvious things like the English language, but also less obvious things, like the system of Canadian aboriginal syllabics used to write Cree and Inuktitut, which was based on Devanagari.
The same placenames crop up in both countries, not because they're vaguely imperial sounding, but because in many cases the same persons took turns running each country.
Dalhousie. General George Ramsay, 9th Earl of Dalhousie (b. 1770, d. 1838). Born in Scotland, fought in the Peninsular War. Served as Governor of Nova Scotia from 1816 to 1820, and then Governor General of British North America from 1820 to 1828. Dalhousie University is named after him. Served as Commander-in-Chief of India from 1830-32. His son James was later Governor-General of India.
Metcalfe. Sir Charles Metcalfe (b. 1785, d. 1846). Born in Calcutta. Governor of the Presidency of Agra 1834-35. Acting Governor-General of India 1835-36. Lieutenant-Governor of the North-Western Provinces (of India) 1836-38. Governor of Jamaica 1839-42. Governor General of the Province of Canada (Quebec plus Ontario) 1843-45.
Elgin. James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin (b. 1811, d. 1863). Born in London. Governor of Jamaica 1842-46. Governor General of the Province of Canada 1847-54. High Commissioner to China 1857-60. Viceroy of India 1862-63. Died in Dharamsala, Punjab.
Dufferin. Frederick Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, Marquess of Dufferin and Ava (b. 1826, d. 1902). Born in Florence. Governor General of Canada 1872-78. Ambassador to Russia 1879-81. Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire 1881-84. Viceroy and Governor-General of India 1884-88. Is buried in Northern Ireland.
Lansdowne. Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, Marquess of Lansdowne (b. 1845, d. 1927). Born in London. Under-Secretary of State for India 1880-83. Governor General of Canada 1883-88. Viceroy and Governor-General of India 1888-94. Died in Ireland.
Minto. Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, Earl of Minto (b. 1845, d. 1914). Born in Middlesex. Served in the Second Afghan War. Military secretary to Lansdowne 1883-85, and Chief of Staff to General Middleton during the Riel Rebellion of 1885. Married the sister of Lord Grey in 1883. (Grey was Governor General of Canada after Minto.) Governor General of Canada 1898-1904. Viceroy and Governor-General of India 1905-10. Is buried in Scotland.
Willingdon. Freeman Freeman-Thomas, Marquess of Willingdon (b. 1866, d. 1941). Governor of Bombay 1913-18. Governor of Madras 1919-24. Governor General of Canada 1926-31. Viceroy and Governor-General of India 1931-36. Threw Gandhi in jail. Is buried in Westminster Abbey.
Haida carvers are preparing to raise the first new totem pole in Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve in 130 years. Totem poles combine mythology with current events, and this one commemorates the 1985 blockade that saved the forests that provided the cedar log for this pole. Source.
A Canadian settler hates a tree, regards it as his natural enemy, as something to be destroyed, eradicated, annihilated by all and any means. The idea of useful or ornamental is seldom associated here even with the most magnificent timber trees, such as among the Druids had been consecrated, and among the Greeks would have sheltered oracles and votive temples. The beautiful faith which assigned to every tree of the forest its guardian nymph, to every leafy grove its tutelary divinity, would find no votaries here. Alas! for the Dryads and Hamadryads of Canada!
There are two principal methods of killing trees in this country, besides the quick, unfailing destruction of the axe; the first by setting fire to them, which sometimes leaves the root uninjured to rot gradually and unseen, or be grubbed up at leisure, or, more generally, there remains a visible fragment of a charred and blackened stump, deformed and painful to look upon; the other method is slower, but even more effectual; a deep gash is cut through the bark into the stem, quite round the bole of the tree. This prevents the circulation of the vital juices, and by degrees the tree droops and dies. This is technically called ringing timber. Is not this like the two ways in which a woman's heart may be killed in this world of ours -- by passion and by sorrow? But better far the swift fiery death than this "ringing," as they call it.
Anna Brownell Jameson, Winter Studies and Summer Rambles in Canada (1838), page 48, NCL edn., 1965.